Words are our Best Weapon Against the Lies of History (Truth in the Root of the Word).
The EU system is organized so that the different “peoples” rule themselves in a community through institutions [companies] to which they have direct access and through which they can exert influence. As a political system, the EU has clear experimental features since it establishes its own criteria of legitimacy while not being a state in itself. It is based on a democratic constitutionalism of the same type to which Norway adheres, the very same ideals of popular sovereignty and human rights that were introduced by the American and French Revolutions and that inspired the Norwegian Constitution have produced a European order in which the states relinquish state sovereign to ensure peace and increase their capacity to act.
In contrast to Norway, most other European countries have formally relinquished partial “sovereignty” to the EU through constitutional amendments. The EU countries have closed their ranks in international affairs, in locked -in supranational cooperation and transformed forging policy into domestic policy. They have pooled and shared sovereignty between them, and have gained co-determination of common matters in return. They have established a legal and political order, an internal market and a common currency. Europeans are free to travel, work, study and invest wherever they want. the abolition of borders and customs barriers, trade barriers and protectionism has made Europe the largest market in the world.
New agreements have been established over time, and existing agreements have been developed and expanded. Their cumulative effects are large and convoluted. When considering the volume of agreements, the way in which Norway is affiliated to the EU through the EEA Agreement and the establishment of new inspectorates and EU agencies to which Norway renounces sovereignty, they are not left with any clear impression on national independence and democracy. On the contrary: Norway has relinquished sovereignty in a number of areas through regular majority voting, it pays (through the EEA financial contributions) and is subject to EU law on the same basis as the EU member states. Norway has surrendered sovereignty without having received anything in return in the form of co-determination that EU membership would have granted.
*Of course this idea of state Sovereignty is merely a concept, as a piece of paper cannot have the same status as a Living, Breathing, Flesh and Blood Soul-bearing Being.
The EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA) has direct authority in issues pertaining to competition and makes decisions that have a direct impact on Norwegian enterprises, including fines that can be tried and confirmed by the EFTA Court. In these areas, ESA has powers similar to those of the European Commissions. In practice, EU legislation takes precedence over Norwegian law. Norway cannot oppose EU directives without jeopardizing the EEA Agreement. A right of reservation exists, but to date it remains unused.
Has the Constitution been overturned? No, [well] not formally, since Norway can terminate the agreement and attempt to go it alone.
With this form of affiliation, Norway has in reality damaged its democratic chain of rule and achieved the opposite of the main objective of voting “no” to EU membership. Self-determination, government by the people and democracy were the paramount arguments for a “no” vote in 1994. The credo said that Norwegians should not be governed by laws other than those decided by the country’s own authorities. Paradoxically, however, voting no to EU membership and making the EEA Agreement our permanent form of affiliation has undermined Norwegian Self-determination.
The old back door method never fails….from EEA to EU
The integration trap
Norway has fallen into the integration trap, from which for the time being there is no escape. the way out through membership is blocked because of the prevailing EU skepticism. The EU is nearly demonized in Norwegian public opinion, and no political parties have put a new referendum on the agenda. it will take a huge effort to change public opinion and another solution than a referendum is unthinkable. The other way out of the integration trap, termination of the EEA and the other Agreements, is also blocked. In theory, Norway could protect her sovereignty and democracy by leaving the EEA and establishing a fee-trade agreement with the EU. Evidence indicates, however, that Norway is blocked from obtaining a free-trade agreement similar to Switzerland. The EU has no interest in it and signals that more countries out to join the EEA model (which was a trap!) which is non-bureaucratic and entails little cost.
Moreover, Switzerland, which has a great number of agreements with the EU, and it seems to have the same problems as Norway in delimiting EU influence. This is because the EU is not an international organization such as the WTO, NATO or the UN, which solve problems without infringing on the autonomy or identity of their members. The EU is a supranational unit that affects its members and changes their identity from being nation-states into becoming member states that pool “sovereignty” and share decision-making powers. The EU is not a regular intergovernmental organization, the effects of which can be restricted. it is rather a quasi-federal organization.
So it appears that Norway has lost sovereignty because of the European integration process and it is the EU that defines the framework for Norwegian self-governance. For all practical purposes, Norway is part of the union, but has no influence. Norwegians must wait in the corridor when decisions are being made that affect them.
Stortinget Called to Task
The EU system is organized so that the different “peoples” rule themselves jointly through institutions over which they have direct influence. the states have relinquished sovereignty, pooled and shared it among themselves to rule jointly. Norway has attempted to go it alone, to try to ensure self-determination, but instead have renounced sovereignty without receiving compensation that co-determination provides. This is a paradox for Norway.
Per the above provision [edits are mine], which was taken from the Norwegian Constitution,
I AM ready for this to happen.
From the Book: The Loyal Younger Brother (Norway’s relationship with the USA)
By Eirik Bergesen
Who are these Norwegian Americans? My grandfather’s brother was one of them. He first settled in the Norwegian district of Brooklyn in Julekake (Christmas cookie) Avenue. Much was unknown. He was especially anxious about meeting those he called “burned Stavanger boys”, who today are known as African-Americans.
Stavanger is a city and municipality in Norway. The city is the third-largest urban zone and metropolitan area in Norway. Stavanger is today considered the center of the oil industry in Norway and is one of Europe’s energy capitals and is often called the oil capital.http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stavanger
All Americans care about their origin. Only a few call themselves pure American, but rather 50 percent this, ten percent that. Ten percent is often enough. Norwegian Americans are, like other Americans, pragmatic. They do not necessarily have to celebrate the 17th of May on May 17th itself. They might just as easily celebrate it on the 16th , 18th or 22nd. It is easier to celebrate that kind of thing on a weekend. That is how I held my 17th of may, with a speech. It was on May twenty-something, among some Norwegian-Americans in a roadside ditch outside Baltimore, called chickenhill road. However, rarely have I felt more Norwegian.
Rarely have I felt more Norwegian? In a roadside ditch outside Baltimore? Called Chicken Hill!?
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN!!???
Excerpts taken from The Book: 1814-2014, Erik Oddvar Eriksen